Castel del Rio’s History


FRANCESCO ALIDOSI CARDINAL


 
 
Castel del Rio’s History
 
When talking about Castel del Rio, a small town that rises in the Apennines at the border between Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna, you need to look back in the VI-VII century where the first housing unit were built by some families coming from Lombardy that were escaping from the barbarians.

Later on, in the X century, was built the “Castello di Cantagallo” probably to defense the advance of the Hungarians. The Castel was almost completely destroyed over time in fact now a days you can only see the ruin.

From the XII century to XVII century, Castel del Rio was governed by the Alidosi Family. The Alidosi controlled Castel del Rio for over Fourteen hundred years between misery, opulence, diligence and malice, light and death, myth and history. It is a still remembered Government for the signs and symbols that it left.

Some members of the family are still recalled today: Riccardo Alidosi, chief magistrate of Florence and senator of Rome, Francesco Alidosi Cardinal in 1505 and trustworthy man of the Pope Giulio II that nominated him the treasurer of the Church; he distinguished himself for the cruelty and was in fact killed with treachery by the Duke of Urbino and last but not least Obizzo Alidosi man of law and culture, governor of Ravenna, Cervia, Bertinoro and Cesena and costumer of the Ponte Alidosi one of the symbols, with the Palazzo Alidosi, that distinguish Castel del Rio from the others small towns around it.

Another important fact is the strong relationship that the Alidosi had with the Republic of Florence that impose the appearance of eyelash emblem on the chest of the griffin which was the emblem of the Alidosi family.

In the 1638 Popal troops occupied Castel del Rio; at the beginning the inhabitants were happy but soon they founded themselves regretting the old lordship, oppressed by duties from the new administrators.

Today Castel del Rio is a living country thanks to his history full of events and facts that left a lasting impression over the time; an impression that is worth to be enhanced and rediscovered even from those who come from far away to visit this kind of places.

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